Business Expectations Concerning Short- And Long-Term Inflation

The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta publishes a monthly report titled “Business Inflation Expectations” (BIE) that contains statistics from a survey of regional businesses’ views on various factors that impact profitability.  These factors include unit costs, unit cost expectations, sales levels, pricing, profit margins, and other factors.

As described on the site:

“Approximately 300 panelists receive the survey each month. Panelists represent businesses of various sizes headquartered within the Sixth District, which encompasses Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and sections of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Tennessee. Panelists range from executives of large corporations to owner-operators of small businesses. The industry composition of the panel roughly reflects the makeup of the national economy. Nevertheless, survey responses are weighted by industry shares of national gross domestic product.”

An excerpt from the March 2021 BIE Survey dated March 10, 2021 (involving 196 firms responding):

  • Inflation expectations: Firms’ year-ahead inflation expectations increased significantly to 2.4 percent, on average.
  • Current economic environment: Sales levels and profit margins “compared to normal” decreased over the month. However, they remain near average levels. Year-over-year unit cost growth remains relatively unchanged at 2.2 percent, on average.
  • Quarterly question: Firms’ long-term (per year, over the next five to 10 years) inflation expectations remain relatively unchanged at 2.8 percent, on average.
  • Special question: Firms were asked whether they experienced either supply chain delays or business operation disruptions within the last week. They were then asked to report the intensity of any delays or disruptions. A breakdown of the results can be found in the special question section below.

The report also includes other questions and a variety of charts and tables depicting respondents’ answers.


RevSD, LLC offers the above commentary for informational purposes only, and does not necessarily agree with all (or any) of the views expressed by these outside parties.

—– is published by RevSD, LLC.  RevSD, LLC is a management consulting firm and strategic advisory that focuses on the analysis of current and future business conditions, and given these conditions, offers corporations and businesses advice, strategies, and actionable methods on how to optimally increase revenues and profitability.